What Is Photography?

Photography involves capturing images with a camera. These images can be of just about anything, including people, places, animals, objects, or events.

A professional photographer does much more than just take pictures, though. Professional photographs are often able to elicit certain feelings. Simply looking at professional photographs can bring on feelings of happiness, dismay, fear, awe, nostalgia, or even hunger.

Expert photographers are also able to make people or situations appear different than they really are. This can be done by utilizing different lighting techniques, or positioning people or objects a certain way. With today's advanced image editing software, many photographers also change some elements of their photographs in order to make them look a particular way.

What Are the Different Types of Photography?

Photographers can – and will – often choose to focus their career in a certain area of photography. Some photographers might only shoot portrait pictures, for example, which involves taking pictures of people, particularly their faces.

Glamor photographers and fashion photographers will take pictures of models and their clothes. These pictures, however, are meant to enhance a person's beauty or style, and many of them are retouched or airbrushed.

Still life photography, on the other hand, involves taking pictures of static, or still, objects. This can include such things as scenery or architecture.

Photojournalism generally generally involves shooting pictures of newsworthy events. These types of photographers are usually referred to as photojournalists, and they are often hired by newspapers and magazines.

There are also other specialized types of photography, including science photography, nature photography, underwater photography, wedding photography, and advertising photography.

Work Environment

To get decent paying jobs and clients, a photographer should first put together a decent portfolio. Most portfolios contain several examples of an artist's strongest work. The photographs in a portfolio can be the products of school projects, paying jobs, or even just hobbies. Some photographers may even have several different portfolios that showcase different type of photography or different techniques.

Traditionally, photography portfolios were similar to picture albums, with tangible photographs attached to each page. Today, however, more and more are moving their physical portfolios online. This makes it simple for a large number of potential clients to peruse through the photographs at their leisure.

Education Requirements

A formal education is not always necessary in order to become a professional photographer, but it is helpful. In general, trained photographers will usually be able to command a higher wage.

Most photographers develop a love for cameras and photography at an early age. High school photography classes can often help develop this hobby into a lucrative career. Many budding photographers will also shoot pictures for their school paper or yearbook, which gives them additional experience when pursuing photography as a career.

Students can also take photography classes at local colleges and universities to help fine tune their skills. Some online photography schools also offer photography courses and degrees.

If students have dreams of becoming wildly successful, however, it is usually recommended to obtain a degree from a photography school or an art school.

Taking courses in these types of schools will help a budding photographer learn the skills to become exceptional.

Some specialized photography careers may also require some additional coursework. Aspiring fashion photographers may want to study fashion, for instance, and aspiring photojournalists will usually need to take some journalism courses. Photographers who want to break into advertising photography will also usually benefit from taking some advertising courses.

Photography Jobs